Diamonds, The Most Sought After Gem

Beautiful, durable, the April birthstone and the 60th and 75th anniversary gift, diamonds are the most sought after of all the gems. It all began in India where diamonds were gathered from rivers and streams. They were traded as early as the 4th century BC and coveted by royalty and the wealthy.

India’s diamond supply began to dwindle in the early 1700s and Brazil became the dominant market for the next 150+ years. The modern diamond market took off in the late 1860s with the discovery of diamonds in South Africa. By 1900 De Beers controlled 90% of the world production of rough diamonds.

The largest diamond ever found at 3,106 carats was discovered in 1905. It was cut into the 530 carat Cullinan I diamond which is also known as the Great Star of Africa. This pear-shaped diamond is set in the Royal Sceptre with Cross and is part of the English Crown Jewels.

Diamonds are thought to be a symbol of clarity and strength. Ancient people thought lightning bolts formed diamonds, while others thought diamonds were the tears of god. Whatever you believe, diamonds certainly have captured the hearts of many. Share pictures of your favorite diamond jewelry on Bridgewaters Facebook page.